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Investing, Financial, Trading and Crypto Terms - Dictionary (D)

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Investing/Finance/Trading/Crypto Dictionary
Earnings per share Earnings per share (EPS) is a financial ratio calculated by dividing a company's net income by the number of shares outstanding. It is used to measure the profitability of a company on a per share basis.
EBITDA EBITDA is a financial metric that stands for earnings before interest, taxes, depreciation, and amortization. It is used to measure a company's profitability and ability to generate cash flow.
EBITDAR EBITDAR stands for Earnings Before Interest, Taxes, Depreciation, Amortization, and Rent. It is a measure of a company's cash flow from its core operations and is calculated as EBITDA + Rent
ECB ECB stands for the European Central Bank. It is the central bank of the European Union and is responsible for the monetary policy of the Eurozone, the 19 EU countries that use the euro as their currency.
Emerging markets Emerging markets refers to countries that are in the process of developing their economies and raising the standard of living of their citizens, such as China, India and Brazil.
ETP ETP stands for Exchange Traded Product, it is a type of financial product that is traded on a stock exchange, such as ETFs and ETNs. It tracks the performance of an underlying asset or index.
Euro Short-Term Rate (ESTR) Euro Short-Term Rate (ESTR) is a reference rate that is based on the interest rates of the Euro overnight indexed swaps (OIS) market. It is used as a benchmark for short-term interest rates in the Eurozone.
Euroclear Euroclear is a financial services company that operates a settlement system for the securities markets. It is based in Brussels, Belgium, and is the largest settlement system for international bond transactions.
Ex-dividend Ex-dividend is a term used to describe a stock that is trading without the right to receive the next upcoming dividend payment. Shareholders must have owned the stock prior to the ex-dividend date in order to receive the dividend.
Exchange delivery settlement price (EDSP) The Exchange delivery settlement price (EDSP) is the price at which a futures contract is settled when it expires. It is determined by the price of the underlying asset on the last trading day of the contract.
Execution Execution refers to the process of buying or selling a financial instrument in response to an order. It includes all the steps involved in processing an order, such as matching buyers and sellers, clearing the transaction and settling the trade.
Execution-only Execution-only is a type of service offered by brokers where the client places an order to buy or sell a financial instrument, and the broker executes the order without providing advice or recommendations. This is opposed to an advised service, where the broker provides advice and recommendations to the client.
Equity Equity refers to the value of an asset after all liabilities have been subtracted. It is also known as shareholders' equity or owner's equity, and represents the amount of the company that is owned by its shareholders.
Equity options Equity options are financial contracts that give the holder the right, but not the obligation, to buy or sell a specific number of shares of an underlying stock at a specific price on or before a certain date.
ETC ETC stands for Exchange Traded Commodities, it is a type of financial product that tracks the performance of a commodity, such as gold, silver, or oil. It is traded on a stock exchange and can be bought and sold like stocks.
Expiry date An expiry date is the date on which a financial contract, such as an option or a futures contract, expires and becomes void. On this date, the holder of the contract must either exercise their rights under the contract or let it expire.
Exposure in finance Exposure in finance refers to the degree of risk to which an individual or organization is exposed. It is typically used to refer to the level of risk a lender or investor is exposed to due to their investments or loans.