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Investing, Financial, Trading and Crypto Terms - Dictionary (O)

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Investing/Finance/Trading/Crypto Dictionary
OEIC: OEIC stands for Open-Ended Investment Company, which is a type of investment company that issues and redeems shares at net asset value. OEICs are similar to mutual funds, but they are structured as companies rather than trusts.
Off book: Off book refers to financial transactions that are not recorded in a company's official financial records. These transactions may be illegal or unethical, but they are not reflected in the company's official financial statements.
Offer: An offer is an invitation to buy a security at a specified price. It can also refer to the price at which a seller is willing to sell a security.
On exchange: On exchange refers to a financial transaction that takes place on a regulated exchange, such as the NYSE or NASDAQ. These transactions are subject to the rules and regulations of the exchange.
On-balance volume (OBV): On-balance volume (OBV) is a technical indicator that uses volume data to predict changes in stock prices. It is calculated by adding or subtracting the volume on days when the stock's closing price is up or down, respectively.
Ongoing charges figure (OCF): The ongoing charges figure (OCF) is a measure of the ongoing costs of owning a particular investment product, such as a mutual fund or ETF. It includes all the costs associated with running the fund, such as management fees, administration costs and other expenses. The OCF is expressed as a percentage of the fund's net asset value and is intended to make it easier for investors to compare the costs of different funds.
OPEC: OPEC stands for the Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries. It is an intergovernmental organization made up of 14 member countries from the Middle East, Africa, and South America, which coordinates and unifies the petroleum policies of its member countries. The main objective of OPEC is to secure fair and stable prices for petroleum producers and a regular supply for consumers.
Open: In the context of trading, open refers to the first price at which a security is traded on a given trading day. It is also used to refer to an open position, which is a trade that has not yet been closed.
Open offer: An open offer is a type of public offer of securities in which the number of shares or bonds offered is not fixed. This means that the issuer or underwriter of the securities may issue more shares or bonds than originally planned, depending on the demand.
Open positions: Open positions refer to trades that have not yet been closed. When a trader enters a long position, it means they have bought an asset and expect the price to rise. When a trader enters a short position, it means they have sold an asset they do not own and expect the price to fall.
Option: An option is a financial contract that gives the holder the right, but not the obligation, to buy or sell an underlying asset, such as a stock, commodity, or currency, at a specified price and on a specified date. There are two types of options: call options, which give the holder the right to buy the underlying asset, and put options, which give the holder the right to sell the underlying asset.
Options spread: An options spread is the difference between the price of two options contracts. It can be created by buying one option and selling another option with the same expiration date but a different strike price. Options spreads are used to limit risk and increase potential returns.
Non-farm payrolls: Order book: An order book is a digital or physical list of buy and sell orders for a specific security or asset, such as a stock or commodity. The order book is maintained by a stock exchange or other market maker and shows the bid and ask prices for the security along with the number of shares or contracts being offered at each price level.
Order: An order is a request to buy or sell a security or asset at a specific price. Orders can be placed at a specified price or at the best available price. Orders can also include instructions to execute the trade only under certain conditions, such as a stop-loss order.
OTC trading: OTC trading stands for Over-The-Counter trading, which refers to trading of financial instruments such as stocks, bonds, currencies, commodities, derivatives and other financial products, which is done directly between two parties, without going through a central exchange or intermediary.
Out of the money: Out of the money refers to an option that has no intrinsic value and that would only have value if the underlying asset's price were to change in the future. For example, a call option is out of the money if the current price of the underlying asset is lower than the strike price of the option. A put option is out of the money if the current price of the underlying asset is higher than the strike price of the option.
Overexposure: Overexposure refers to an excessive or over-concentrated position in a single security or asset, which increases the risk of losing a significant portion of an investment portfolio. This can be caused by not diversifying investments enough, or by taking on too much leverage, which amplifies potential losses.