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Investing, Financial, Trading and Crypto Terms - Dictionary (M)

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Investing/Finance/Trading/Crypto Dictionary
M1 Money supply: M1 Money Supply is a measure of the money supply that includes cash in circulation, checking deposits, and traveler's checks. It is considered to be a narrow measure of the money supply, as it includes only the most liquid forms of money.
M2 Money supply: M2 Money Supply is a measure of the money supply that includes M1, as well as savings deposits, time deposits under $100,000, and balances in retail money market mutual funds. It is considered to be a broader measure of the money supply, as it includes less liquid forms of money.
Maintenance margin: Maintenance margin is the minimum amount of equity that an investor must maintain in their margin account. If the equity in the account falls below the maintenance margin, the investor will receive a margin call, which requires them to either deposit more cash or securities into the account or sell some of the securities in the account.
Margin call: A margin call is a demand from a broker or a clearing firm for an investor to deposit additional money or securities into a margin account. This occurs when the equity in the account falls below the maintenance margin.
Margin: Margin refers to the amount of money that an investor must deposit in a margin account in order to buy securities on margin. When buying securities on margin, the investor borrows money from the broker to purchase the securities, and the margin is used as collateral for the loan.
Margin deposit: A margin deposit is the money that an investor must deposit into a margin account in order to buy securities on margin. The deposit is used as collateral for the loan and it is typically a percentage of the total purchase value.
Market capitalization: Market capitalization is the total value of a company's outstanding shares of stock. It is calculated by multiplying the number of shares outstanding by the current market price per share.
Market data: Market data refers to information about the prices, trading volume, and other characteristics of securities traded on financial markets. It includes information on prices, trading volumes, open interest, and other characteristics of financial instruments. This data is used by traders, investors, and market participants to make informed investment decisions and to assess market conditions. Market data can be obtained from various sources such as stock exchanges, market data vendors and financial news providers.
Market maker: A market maker is a firm or an individual that quotes both a buy and a sell price for a financial instrument, such as a stock or a currency, and is willing to buy or sell at those prices. Market makers help to ensure liquidity in the market by providing a bid and ask price for a security and by standing ready to buy or sell it at any time.
Market order: A market order is an order to buy or sell a security at the current market price. These types of orders are executed immediately and at the best available price.
Market value: Market value is the price at which an asset would trade in a competitive marketplace. It is determined by the supply and demand forces of the market and can be different from the value listed on the balance sheet of a company.
Merger: A merger is a combination of two or more companies into a single entity. The companies can be merged through a stock or asset purchase, or through a merger of equals.
MetaTrader: MetaTrader is a trading platform developed by MetaQuotes software for online trading in the forex, CFDs, and futures markets. The platform provides advanced charting capabilities, automated trading strategies, and a variety of technical indicators.
Mid cap: Mid cap refers to a company with a market capitalization between $2 billion and $10 billion. Mid cap companies are typically more established than small cap companies but have more growth potential than large cap companies.
Modified internal rate of return (MIRR): The modified internal rate of return (MIRR) is a financial ratio that calculates the return on an investment, assuming that cash flows are reinvested at the firm's cost of capital rather than the internal rate of return. It is used to evaluate the profitability of long-term projects or investments.
MACD Moving average convergence/divergence (MACD): The moving average convergence/divergence (MACD) is a technical indicator that is used to identify changes in momentum and trend in financial markets. It is calculated by subtracting a 26-day exponential moving average from a 12-day exponential moving average.
Moving average (MA): Moving average: A moving average is a statistical tool used to smooth out short-term fluctuations in data and to highlight long-term trends. It is calculated by taking the average of a set of data points over a specified number of periods. For example, a 50-day moving average takes the average closing price of a stock over the last 50 days.
Multilateral trading facilities (MTF): A multilateral trading facility (MTF) is a European regulatory term for a non-exchange financial trading venue. MTFs are alternative trading systems (ATS) that bring together multiple third-party buying and selling interests in financial instruments.
Multiplier effect: The multiplier effect refers to the increase in economic activity that results from an initial injection of spending into the economy. It is the process by which an initial investment generates a larger increase in total income.
Mutual fund: A mutual fund is a type of investment vehicle that pools money from multiple investors to purchase securities. The value of a mutual fund's shares is determined by the fund's net asset value (NAV), which is calculated by dividing the total value of the fund's assets by the number of shares outstanding. Mutual funds are managed by professional money managers, who make investment decisions on behalf of the fund's shareholders.